What a researcher considers to be 'research data' depends on the meaning of this data in the research process. This varies for each scientific discipline.
Research data comes in a variety of formats that can be read with various types of software. The accordion below shows a few definitions of research data.
University of Southampton staff have drafted a document(5) in which they have defined five different ways to look at research data:
- The way the data is collected.
- By experimenting, simulations, observations, derived data, reference data.
- The data forms.
- For example text documents, spreadsheets, lab journals, logs, questionnaires, software code, transcripts, code books, audio and video recordings, photos, samples, slides, artefacts, models, scripts, databases, metadata, etc.
- The formats for electronic storage of the research data.
- The size (volume) of the data files.
- The research lifecycle phase the data is in.
Sources and additional reading
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