Data policy is understood to mean the whole of procedures and guidelines within an institute or collaboration that was developed for data management, archiving and sharing research data. The goal of such policy is to guarantee the advantages of sharing data, while simultaneously guarding against the (possible) risks.
Several stakeholders draw up their own policy regarding sharing research data. See the accordion for examples. Data archives also have their own policy in the shape of licensing agreements. This will be discussed in the following section.